It’s Time to Vaccinate!

December 11, 2019

Vaccinating our livestock is vital to keeping them healthy. Vaccines will help cattle, sheep, and goats stimulate their immune system to create proper responses to infectious organisms.

Here are some examples of what you should vaccinate for:

Cattle:

One thing that is very important to vaccinate for is Blackleg. Blackleg is an infectious bacterial disease that is caused by Clostridium chavoei which survives in the environment as a durable spore in the soil. Cattle can be infected by this bacteria from eating from the soil it lives in. Once a cow obtains this infectious organism, they will begin to show symptoms such as depression, loss of appetite, fever, and unwillingness to move. If a cow hasn't been vaccinated for Blackleg and comes in contact with this bacteria, the chances of survival are very low. It is very important to take precautions and vaccinate your cattle. Best time to vaccinate your calves for Blackleg is when they are 3-4 months old. For best results, vaccinate twice, one month apart from each other, and then continue to do a booster shot yearly. You can use our 7-Way vaccine, also known as Bar-Vac 7, or our Covexin 8 to prevent cattle from obtaining this infectious bacteria!

Bar-Vac 7:  

- Vaccination for diseases caused by Clostridium chauvoei, Cl. septicum, Cl. novyi, Cl. soredellii and Cl. perfringes Types C and D

- Dosage rate for cattle: 5 mL per head subcutaneously

Covexin 8:

- Vaccination for diseases caused by Clostridium chauvoei, C. septicum, C. novyi Type B, C. haemolyticum, C. tetani, and C. perfringens Types C and D

- Dosage rate for cattle: 5 mL per head subcutaneously or intramuscularly

Another disease that is important to vaccinate for is Bovine Respiratory Disease (BRD). BRD is caused by pathogens such as Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus (BRSV), ParaInfluenza 3 (PI3), Adenovirus, Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVDV), and Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR) and bacterial (Pasterulla multocida, Mannheimia haemolytica, Histophilus somni, Mycoplasma bovis). Symptoms of BRD can include fever, difficulty breathing, runny nose, depression and coughing. BRD is often obtained when there is adverse weather and when cows go through stressful situations such as dehorning, castration, and weaning. As there can be a treatment for BRD, it is important to vaccinate your cows as a precaution so they won’t have to suffer through this. You will want to vaccinate your calves at 5 months of age, again at 6 months and then again every year as a booster. Pyramid 5, Bovi Shield Gold, and Triangle 10 are all vaccines that can be used to prevent BRD.

Pyramid 5:

- Vaccination for diseases caused by bovine rhinotracheitis virus, bovine virus diarrhea (types 1 and 2), bovine parainfluenza 3, and bovine respiratory syncytial virus.

- Dosage rate for cattle: 2 mL per head subcutaneously

Bovi Shield Gold: 

- Vaccination for diseases caused by infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR) virus and viremia caused by bovine virus diarrhea (BVD) virus Types 1 and 2, parainfluenza3 (PI3) virus and bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV)

- Dosage rate for cattle:  2mL per head subcutaneously or intramuscularly

Triangle 10: 

- Vaccination for diseases caused by bovine virus diarrhea (BVD) types 1 & 2, parainfluenza 3 (PI3), and bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV), leptospirosis caused by Leptospira pomona, L. hardji, L. grippotyphosa, L. canicola , and L. icterohaemorrhagiae

- Dosage rate for cattle: 5mL per head subcutaneously or intramuscularly

Sheep and Goats:

A common disease that is important to vaccinate for is Overeating. Overeating, also known as Enterotoxemia, is a condition caused by Clostridium perfringens type D. This infectious bacteria is found in the soil that sheep and goats graze on. This disease will rapidly reproduce the animal’s intestine which will then lead to the production of large quantities of toxins. Sheep and goats are more likely to be infected in times that they are stressed, when they are receiving an excessive amount of milk or feed, and when they are heavily parasitized. Symptoms of Overeating include loss of appetite, abdominal discomfort, and watery diarrhea that may be bloody. Overtime, sheep and goats will naturally build immunity to these toxins, but it is still important to prevent Overeating by vaccinating. Covexin 8, Bar-Vac 7, C&D Toxoid, and C&D
Toxoid with Tetanus are all vaccines that will prevent Overeating.

Covexin 8:

- Vaccination for diseases caused by Clostridium chauvoei, C. septicum, C. novyi Type B, C. haemolyticum, C. tetani, and C. perfringens Types C and D

- Dosage rate for sheep and goats: 5 mL subcutaneously followed by a 2 mL dose in 6 weeks and then once yearly as a booster

Bar-Vac 7:

- Vaccination for diseases caused by Clostridium chauvoei, Cl. septicum, Cl. novyi, Cl. soredellii and Cl. perfringes Types C and D

- Dosage rate for sheep and goats: 2.5 mL subcutaneously, then repeat in 21 to 28 days and once yearly as a booster

C&D Toxoid:

-  Vaccination for Enterotoxemia caused by Clostridium perfringens types C and D

- Dosage rate for sheep and goats: 2 mL subcutaneously or intramuscularly and then repeat the full dose in 3 to 4 weeks

C&D Toxoid with Tetanus: 

- Vaccination for Enterotoxemia caused by Clostridium perfringens types C and D with Tetanus Toxoid.

- Dosage rate for sheep and goats: 2 mL subcutaneously or intramuscularly and then repeat the full dose in 3 to 4 weeks

Prepare your livestock and vaccinate today!


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